The God that we serve does speak to us. God speaks to us through His Word, by the Holy Spirit, and also in His sovereignty, providence and in His grace, mercy and love. The speech of God contains His divine attributes. Let’s look at some of these:
God is righteous
7 I will praise you with an upright heart, when I learn your righteous rules.[a]
God’s character is the definition and source of all righteousness. Paul the apostle asks the question and states the answer:
14 What shall we say then? Is there injustice on God’s part? By no means!
God’s attributes have often been placed into two categories, namely incommunicable and communicable attributes. God has no parents and He does not experience death. His communicable attributes are omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent. You may well ask ‘Is this God personal and is He approachable?”
Sure He is. He has manifested Him toward us through His covenants and His Lordship.
Michael Horton gives us a great definition on covenant. He states: covenant is “an oath-based union under given stipulations and sanctions”.
The first covenant in the Bible is the Covenant of Works. This covenant was between the Triune Lord and Adam (humanity). Adam was the federal head. He represented all humanity. Through his disobedience, humanity was subjected to death.
15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat[a] of it you shall surely die.”
12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men[a] because all sinned— 13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.
15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
The covenant of Grace and Redemption was different to other covenants, the difference being that it was between the Triune God and Christ as the Mediator and the Church. Jesus Christ is the Head of the Church. This covenant commenced with God’s promise of salvation to Adam and Eve.
15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring[a] and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”
Then it continues through all the other covenants namely Seth to Noah and on to Abraham and Sarah. This covenant of Grace includes the Davidic and culminates in Christ, with Christ being the Last Adam. Jesus Christ is our Federal Representative in the Covenant of Grace, but also the fulfillment of the Covenant of Redemption. As in the covenant of Grace, the covenant of Redemption is between the triune God. Jesus now is the Mediator of its benefits to the elect. The covenant of Grace as Michael Horton observes, is the basis of all of God’s purposes in nature and history, and is the foundation and efficiency of the Covenant of Grace. For me personally this covenant is God’s working and for God’s glory. The first covenant of Grace was violated by man’s disobedience. In the covenant of Grace and Redemption, man once again will violate the covenant when we think the covenant is all about us. Often when humanity enters the arena of God, it is man that violates God’s plan. Job reminds us that, salvation belongs to the Lord. (Job 2:9).
9 Then his wife said to him, “Do you still hold fast your integrity? Curse God and die.”
God has truly spoken to us through His Word and His Covenant.